Iowa Labor History Timeline

 

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1838 - Iowa Territory established

 

1846 - Iowa statehood

 

1852 - International Typographical Union founded

 

1854 - Iowa Typographical Union founded

 

1854 - First railroad in Iowa

 

1860 - Iowa population at 674,913

 

1861-1865 - CIVIL WAR, Abraham Lincoln, President

 

1863 - Iowa Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers established in Eldon, Iowa

 

1867 - Chicago & North Western railroad becomes first to cross state in east/west direction

 

1869 - Knights of Labor established

 

1870 - Iowa population at 1,194,020

 

1873 - FINANCIAL PANIC in U.S.

 

1873 - Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen established in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

 

1873 - Iowa law says married women have the right to keep their own wages

 

1877 - Eleven men associated with the "Molly McGuires" are executed in Pennsylvania

 

1877 - Great Railroad Strikes of 1877

 

1877 - First major strike in Iowa involves railroad employees in Council Bluffs, Burlington, and Ottumwa

 

1878 - First local assembly of Knights of Labor in Iowa

 

1880 - 5,235 miles of railroad track in Iowa (5th in nation)

 

1880 - John L. Lewis born in Lucas, Iowa

 

1884 - Bureau of Labor established in the U.S. Dept. of Interior

 

1885 - Burlington Trades and Labor Assembly

 

1886 - American Federation of Labor formed

 

1886 - Haymarket Riot, Chicago

 

1886 - 8-hour day movement

 

1886 - Knights of Labor reaches peak membership in 1886-1887

 

1888 - Great Burlington Railroad Strike

 

1888 - Union organizing:

United Association (Plumbers & Pipefitters) International Printing Pressmen of North America

Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen

International Association of Machinists

National Association of Letter Carriers

 

1890 - United Mineworkers of America founded

 

1891 - Iowa miners strike for 8-hour day

 

1892 - Homestead Strike, Pittsburgh

 

1893 - FINANCIAL PANIC in U.S.

 

1893 - American Railway Union organized first local in U.S. at Fort Madison, Iowa

 

1893 - Iowan James R. Sovereign elected head of Knights of Labor

 

1894 - Pullman Strike/Boycott

 

1894 - Kelly's Army

 

1898 - Miners win 8-hour day

 

1898 - SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR

 

1900 - International Ladies Garment Union formed

 

1902 - Lost Creek coal mine disaster, Mahaska County

 

1905 - Industrial Workers of the World formed

 

1906 - Mexican-Americans come to Fort Madison to work on the Sante Fe Railroad

 

1910 - Iowa population at 2,224,771

 

1911 - Muscatine button workers strike

 

1913 - Iowa Worker's Compensation Law

 

1913 - U.S. Department of Labor established

 

1914-1918 - WORLD WAR I

U.S. involved in war April 1917-Nov. 1918

 

1915 - 10,493 miles of rail in Iowa (4th in U.S.)

 

1919-1932 - "Open-shop Era"

 

1929 - Wall Street Crash in October

 

1929-1940 - GREAT DEPRESSION

 

1933 - Frances Perkins became Secretary of Labor, the first woman named to the president's cabinet

 

1935 - National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) protects the right of workers to organize and elect representatives for collective bargaining

 

1938 - Maytag Strike in Newton

 

1940-1945 - WORLD WAR II

 

1941 - Japanese attack Pearl Harbor

 

1947 - Thousands of Iowa workers demonstrate at state capitol on April 22 to protest anti-labor legislation

 

1947 - Taft-Hartley Act outlaws closed shop

 

1949 - Television gaining popularity

 

1950-1955 - KOREAN WAR

 

1955 - Merger of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)

 

1960 - Iowa population at 2,757,537

 

1963 - Equal Pay Act of 1963

 

1964 - Civil Rights Act passed

 

1964-1975 - VIETNAM WAR

 

1965 - Voting Rights Act passed

 

1972 - Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment (E.R.A.) and sent it to the states for ratification

 

1984 - Comparable Worth legislation passed in Iowa

 

 

 

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