Cover ImageSummer & Fall 2004 (Vol. 85, Nos. 2 & 3)

Table of Contents


Dr. Emerson’s Sam: Black Iowans before the Civil War
Dred Scott, Nat and Charlotte Morgan, Carey Bennett, David Warfield—putting faces
and names on the African Americans in antebellum Iowa.
by Robert R. Dykstra

End of Innocence
“I hope to god that I won’t have to Witness the same again.” An intimate and searing look
at nine young Iowa soldiers, set against Civil War camps and battlefields.
by Sharon Ham

Suffragists, Free Love, and the Woman Question
What did the Iowa press fear about woman suffrage? That it would drag women into Victoria Woodhull’s “disgusting deviltries”?
by Diana Pounds

The Mesquakie Indian Settlement in 1905
A century ago, anthropologist Duren Ward spent the summer with a tribe holding tightly
to its culture and living on its own land in the middle of Iowa.
by L. Edward Purcell

Cora Bussey Hillis: Woman of Vision
“Forget yourselves in your work—your limitations—your fatigue and discouragement.” This woman did, for the benefit of Iowa’s children.
by Ginalie Swaim

The Babel Proclamation
During World War I, one of Iowa’s homefront casualties was ethnic tolerance.
by Nancy Derr


Front Porch: Injustice, tragedy, war—the cauldrons in which personal or group identity is forged or challenged.

One in a Million: Fragile ledger pages hold an 1840s census of the Meskwaki.
by Mary Bennett