by George William McDaniel
George William McDaniel relates the story of Charles and Ann Toney's challenge of the discriminatory practices of an ice cream parlor in Davenport in 1945. The case represented a rare successful prosecution before 1950 under Iowa's Civil Rights Act.
by Katrina M. Sanders
Katrina M. Sanders describes a community self-survey that residents of Burlington conducted in 1949-1951 to monitor the town's racial climate. The project was initiated locally by both black and white residents and drew on the resources of one of the nation's leading African American institutions of higher education. The citywide survey revealed discriminatory practices in Burlington, initiated a dialogue between African Americans and whites on race-related issues, and supplied data that made it possible to secure support for community change.
by Michael A. Ross
Michael A. Ross relates the story of the appointment of Iowan Samuel Freeman Miller to the U.S. Supreme Court during the Civil War. In the process, he sheds light on the ideological imperatives that drove Iowa's congressional delegation to reshape the proposed judicial reorganization bill, leading to Miller's appointment.
by Joyce McKay
Joyce McKay outlines the histories of Iowa's state prisons in Fort Madison and Anamosa from their beginnings to the 1940s. She focuses especially on efforts to reform prison philosophy, policy, and practice, particularly in regard to the approach to prison discipline, the use of prison labor, and the spaces prisoners occupied.