by Timothy R. Mahoney
Timothy R. Mahoney describes the complex inter-relationships among three elite groups of early settlers in Dubuque: a genteel society repre-sented by the Langworthy brothers; a male sub-culture of politics, the law, and Main Street represented by George Wallace Jones; and a Yorkshire immigrant culture represented by Richard Bonson. All contributed to a booster ethos that promoted Dubuque’s early economic development. Mahoney shows in fascinating detail how that booster ethos—and the development it spawned was undermined by the Panic of 1857 that transformed the future of Dubuque and other frontier towns like it.
by Bruce Fehn and Robert E. Jefferson
Bruce Fehn and Robert E. Jefferson review Outside In: African-American History in Iowa, 1838–2000 and discuss some potentially fruitful topics for further investigation of the African American experience in Iowa.
by Sarah W. Tracy
Sarah W. Tracy tells how Iowa became a trailblazing state in the institutional treatment of inebriates in the early twentieth century. She goes on to describe the contrasting views of the proper treatment of inebriates held by medical professionals and reformers, legislators and taxpayers, and patients and their families. She concludes that inebriate reform and treatment was not a top-down affair controlled exclusively, or even primarily, by medical professionals. Instead, it was the result of a complex set of negotiations among a variety of actors, and did not necessarily reflect a change of perspective on the nature of inebriety from vice to disease.
by Dorothy Schwieder
Dorothy Schwieder employs the letters of a farmer from northwest Iowa in the mid-1920s to uncover the workings of the Ku Klux Klan in that area. The picture that emerges is one of a constantly bickering group of anti-Catholic activists always on the brink of disintegration.
by Thomas D. Hamm
Thomas D. Hamm recounts the history of Friends, or Quakers, in Iowa in the nineteenth century, focusing on the divisions that emerged after the Civil War. Some of those divisions mirrored what was happening elsewhere in the country, but in other ways Iowa Friends took the lead in adopting innovations that would transform Quakerism nationally.
by James Quinten Cahill
James Quinten Cahill reviews the evidence about Herbert Hoover's early schooling in Iowa, then traces how that story became distorted through journalistic carelessness, manipulation for political and public relations purposes, and Hoover's own psychological needs.
by Fred E. Woods and Douglas Atterberg
Fred E. Woods and Douglas Atterberg offer an account of the Mormon encounter with Keokuk in 1853, when the Mormons used that town as an outfitting post for their emigration to the Salt Lake Valley. Keokuk offered an adequate temporary solution to the Mormons' search for an outfitting point, while the town benefited from the Mormons' temporary presence.
by Peter Hoehnle
Peter Hoehnledescribes developments in the Amana Society's woolen textile industry from 1785 to 1942, concentrating on the ironic but key role this capitalistic, industrial enterprise played in a communitarian society perceived by outsiders as existing in a bucolic garden-like setting.