by Richard M. Breaux
Richard M. Breaux describes the racial climate in the schools of Buxton, Iowa, in the early twentieth century. He argues that at a time when segregation and racial violence were on the rise across the country, the presence of African American teachers and integrated schools in Buxton were key factors in residents’ memories of racial harmony in the town.
by David W. Schwieder and Dorothy Schwieder
David W. Schwieder and Dorothy Schwieder trace and analyze the political career of H. R. Gross, U.S. congressman from Iowa’s Third District from 1948 to 1974. They conclude that his focus on government spending did not result in a major budgetary impact, but his legislative style improved the deliberative process and his close scrutiny of fiscal legislation provided a degree of accountability often lacking in the U.S. House of Representatives.
by William G. Hartley
William G. Hartley provides an overview of the experience, setting it in the context of the overall overland trail migration from the 1840s to the late 1860s.
by Don H. Smith
Don H. Smith discusses the leadership, planning, and management of the 1856 handcart migration. He argues that those aspects of the plan were executed with care and skill and that the disasters that befell the last two companies of 1856 were due to factors beyond the leaders’ control.
by Fred E. Woods
Fred E. Woods, often using the voices of the emigrants themselves, narrates the experiences of those emigrants as they made their way by ship from Liverpool to the United States and then by rail to Iowa City.
by Lyndia McDowell Carter
Lyndia Carter picks up the story from there, following three of the handcart companies - the Willie, Haven and Martin companies - across Iowa as they were tested to see if they were up to the challenge of crossing the Plains all the way to the Salt Lake Valley.
by Steven F. Faux
Steven F. Faux carefully maps the route the handcart migrants followed across Iowa.
by Dorothy E. Finnegan
Dorothy E. Finnegan describes the potent influence the YMCA and YWCA had on Penn College’s early development, from 1882 to the 1920s. During those years, when the college’s institutional resources were minimal, the Y associations made vital contributions to the religious, physical, social, and economic life of the college and its students.
by Christine Pawley
Christine Pawley describes the activities of the Book Lovers Club, a club affiliated with the segregated Blue Triangle Branch of the YWCA in Des Moines, from 1925 to 1941. By analyzing what they read and how they reviewed what they read, Pawley finds that club members imagined multiple members for themselves-as African Americans, as Iowans, and as educated, cultured citizens.